Supplementary Framework for Assessing Gender
Responsive Public Financial Management
The PEFA supplementary framework for assessing gender responsive public financial management (GRPFM) is a set of nine indicators that measure the degree to which a country’s PFM systems address the government’s goals with regard to acknowledging different needs of men and women, and different subgroups of these categories, and promoting gender equality. The framework can be applied at both national and subnational levels.
Click on the indicators below to learn more about what each of them measures.
PEFA’s Nine GRPFM Indicators
Gender Impact Analysis of Budget Policy Proposals
This indicator assesses the extent to which the government prepares an assessment of the gender impacts of proposed changes in government expenditure and revenue policy. It contains two dimensions (sub-indicators) and uses the M1 (weakest link) method for aggregating dimension scores.
Gender Responsive Public Investment Management
This indicator assesses the extent to which robust appraisal methods, based on economic analysis, of feasibility or prefeasibility studies for major investment projects include analysis of the impacts on gender. There is one dimension for this indicator
Gender Responsive Budget Circular
This indicator measures the extent to which the government’s budget circular(s) is gender responsive. There is one dimension for this indicator.
Gender Responsive Budget Proposal Documentation
This indicator assesses the extent to which the government’s budget proposal documentation includes additional information on gender priorities and budget measures aimed at strengthening gender equality. There is one dimension for this indicator.
Sex-Disaggregated Performance Information for Service Delivery
This indicator measures the extent to which the executive’s budget proposal or supporting documentation and in-year or end-year reports include sex-disaggregated information on performance for service delivery programs. It contains two dimensions (subindicators) and uses the M2 (averaging) method for aggregating dimension scores.
Tracking Budget Expenditure for Gender Equality
This indicator measures the government’s capacity to track expenditure for gender equality throughout the budget formulation, execution, and reporting processes. There is one dimension for this indicator.
Gender Responsive Reporting
This indicator measures the extent to which the government prepares and publishes annual reports that include information on gender-related expenditure and the impact of budget policies on gender equality. There is one dimension for this indicator.
Evaluation of Gender Impacts of Service Delivery
This indicator measures the extent to which independent evaluations of the efficiency and effectiveness of public services include an assessment of gender impacts. There is one dimension for this indicator.
Legislative Scrutiny of Gender Impacts of the Budget
This indicator measures the extent to which the legislature’s budget and audit scrutiny include a review of the government’s policies to understand whether policies equally benefit men and women by ensuring the allocation of sufficient funds. It contains two dimensions (subindicators) and uses the M2 (averaging) method for aggregating dimension scores.
Useful Resources on Gender Responsive Public Financial Management
Bill & Melinda Gates Fundation
The Gender Equality team at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation works with program teams across the foundation and with external partners in the field to accelerate progress toward gender equality.
European Institute for Gender Equality
The European Institute for Gender Equality is an autonomous body of the European Union (EU), established to contribute to and strengthen the promotion of gender equality, including gender mainstreaming in all EU and resulting national policies, to fight against discrimination based on sex, and to raise EU citizens’ awareness of gender equality.
International Labour Organization
The International Labour Organization (ILO) promotes opportunities for women and men to obtain decent work in conditions of freedom, equity, security, and human dignity.
International Monetary Fund
Through its Gender theme, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) recognizes that labor markets across the world remain divided along gender lines, despite the significant progress made in recent decades.
The IMF also has a two-part toolkit including gender budgeting and gender equality indexes. The gender budgeting data set contains information on 84 national gender budgeting initiatives around the world, of which 23 national initiatives are investigated in depth in six regional surveys.
Organization For Economic Co-Operation and Development
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) “Toolkit for Mainstreaming and Implementing Gender Equality” focuses on strengthening governance and accountability for gender equality as a means to improving the gender-responsiveness of public policy.
The OECD Gender Initiative examines existing barriers to gender equality in education, employment, and entrepreneurship. This website monitors the progress made by governments to promote gender equality in both OECD and non-OECD countries and provides good practices based on analytical tools and reliable data.
The OECD’s Gender Budgeting website provides information on the importance of planning the budget for promoting gender equality, which has the potential to help policy makers to address a range of inequalities that have become embedded in public policies and the allocation of resources.
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Indicator 5.c.1, “Proportion of countries with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment,” measures progress toward SDG Target 5c, “Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels.”
UN Women's work on financing for gender equality supports the implementation of government and donor policy commitments to gender equality and women’s rights.
The Beijing Platform for Action is an agenda for women's empowerment. It aims to accelerate the advancement of women, to remove all obstacles to women's active participation in all spheres of public and private life, and to enable women to have a full and equal share in economic, social, cultural, and political decision making.
The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Gender Inequality Index (GII) measures gender inequalities in three important aspects of human development: reproductive health, measured by maternal mortality ratio and adolescent birth rates; empowerment, measured by the proportion of parliamentary seats occupied by females and the proportion of adult females and males ages 25 years and older with at least some secondary education; and economic status, expressed as labor market participation and measured by the labor force participation rates of female and male populations ages 15 years and older.
The UNDP Gender Development Index (GDI) measures gender gaps in human development by accounting for disparities between women and men in three basic dimensions of human development—health, knowledge, and living standards—using the same component indicators as in the Human Development Index (HDI). The GDI is a ratio of the HDIs calculated separately for females and males using the same methodology as in the HDI. It is a direct measure of gender gap showing female HDI as a percentage of male HDI.
The Gender Data portal is the World Bank Group’s comprehensive source for the latest sex-disaggregated data and gender statistics covering demography, education, health, access to economic opportunities, public life and decision making, and agency.
The World Bank Group works with public and private sector clients to close the gaps between males and females globally in order to tackle poverty and drive sustainable economic growth that benefits all. Major challenges affecting boys, girls, men, and women differently include climate change, forced migration, pandemics, and the global jobs crisis. Less recognized is the unique role that women and girls play as drivers of growth and progress and as powerful agents of change.
Women, Business, and the Law is a World Bank Group project that collects unique data on the laws and regulations that restrict women's economic opportunities. The data set identifies barriers to women’s economic participation and encourages the reform of discriminatory laws.
The World Development Indicators are the primary World Bank collection of development indicators compiled from officially recognized international sources. The database contains the most current and accurate global development data available and includes national, regional, and global estimates. A subset of data focuses on women and development.